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Influence of stack temperature on PEM Fuel Cell performance


Veröffentlichungsart
Beitrag auf Tagung

Fakultät/Einrichtung
Natur und Technik

Institutszugehörigkeit
Julius Robert Mayer - Institut für Energietechnik
http://www.hs-bremen.de/internet/de/forschung/einrichtungen/jrmi/

Verfasser
Smolen, Slawomir, Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Cieslinski, Janusz T., Prof. Dr.-Ing
Dawidowicz, Bartosz, Prof. Dr.-Ing

Jahrgang
2012

Name(n), Titel
Influence of Stack Temperature on PEM Fuel Cell Performance

Weitere Informationen zur Veranstaltung
3rd International Conference:
“Low Temperature and Waste Heat Use in Communal and Industrial Energy Supply Systems, Theory and Practice”
Proceedings, October, 25th-26th, 2012, page: 41-45

Veranstaltungsort
Haus der Wissenschaft, Sandstraße 5, 28195 Bremen, Germany

Datum
October, 25th-26th, 2012


Proceedings LTWHU 2012
Proceedings Low Temperature and Waste Heat Use 2012
Influence of Stack Temperature on PEM Fuel Cell Performance
Janusz T. Cieśliński, Bartosz Dawidowicz
Gdansk University of Technology
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Gdansk, Poland

Sławomir Smoleń
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hochschule Bremen, Germany

1 Introduction

Fuel cells are electrochemical devices where the energy of a chemical reaction is converted directly into electricity by combining hydrogen fuel with oxygen from air. Water and heat are the only by products if hydrogen is used as fuel source [1-3]. Therefore, fuel cells have attracted great attention in recent years as a promising replacement for traditional internal combustion engines due to their high power density and ultra-low emissions [4–6]. Among many kinds of fuel cells, the polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell has received much attention in the last two decades because fuel cells based on proton-exchange membranes have many attractive features, including high power density, rapid start-up, high efficiency, lightweight, compactness, which makes them a promising clean energy technology [6-10]. Thus, PEM fuel cells have been widely recognized as the most promising candidates for future power generating devices in the automotive, distributed power generation and portable electronic applications [6-12]. However, a number of fundamental problems must be overcome to improve their performance and to reduce their cost.
The primary aim of the study was to provide steady-state characteristics of the Nexa module (1.2 kW) for different stack temperatures and given load.

2 FUEL CELL MODULE

Scheme and view of the tested PEM fuel cell system are shown in Fig. 1 and Fig 2 respectively. The module tested is based on two fuel cell units 1.2 kW each produced by Ballard Power Systems Inc. and called Nexa – Fig. 3.
Schematic diagram of PEM fuel cell system
Fig. 1: Schematic diagram of the 2x1.2 kW PEM fuel cell system

 

 

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